The Changing Face of Marriage: 7 Tips for Young Couples

The face of marriage is changing, and the risk of divorce among young couples is on the rise. In an article for the Institute for Family Studies, Nicholas Wolfinger, a professor of family and consumer studies and sociology at the University of Utah, analyzed the connection between divorce and age, based on a study from the National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG).

The NSFG surveyed couples in 1995 and in the four-year period between 2006 and 2010. In analyzing the study, Wolfinger noted the couples that married in their early 20s were more likely to divorce within the first five years of marriage. In 1995, couples that married at 20-years-old or younger had a 29 percent risk of divorce within the first five years of marriage. Between 2006 and 2010, couples in the same age group had a 32 percent chance of divorcing within the first five years of marriage. In 1995, couples that married between the ages of 20 and 24 had a 19 percent risk of getting divorced; between 2006 and 2010, the risk of divorce for couples in that age group increased to 20 percent.1

Changing Face of Marriage - Part I

Many times, couples do not have financial discussions before they get married — however, arguing about money is the top predictor of divorce, according to a 2012 study published in Family Relations.2 Typically, financial matters are not a topic of discussion for a young couple in the midst of wedding planning — but they should be.

If you are a young couple on the verge of exchanging “I dos”, there are several things you may want to discuss with your future spouse to help protect your marriage from conflict down the road.

1. Talk about your perspectives on money and wealth

Understanding your fiancé’s connection to money is an important first step in managing your finances as a married couple. Did he come from a family that struggled to make ends meet, or did his family always live comfortably with no spending uncertainties? When she thinks about money, does it evoke feelings of anxiety or opportunity? Learning about your future spouse’s attitude toward saving or spending can prepare you for how he or she will manage finances after the wedding.

2. Have an open discussion about your current financial situation

How much does your future spouse earn? Does she have student loan debt, credit card debt or mortgage debt? What is his credit score? Does she spend more than she earns? These are all important areas to discuss with your future spouse. Make an effort to start having healthy, honest conversations about your finances now so you can carry those habits over into married life.

3. Create a cash flow statement

Before the wedding, outline all of your income sources and expenses, and ask your future spouse to do the same. This will give you a better understanding of where each of you is spending your money — for instance, you’ll know up front whether your future spouse enjoys spending money on clothes or cool, tech gadgets, so you’ll be less likely to face conflict over those expenses when you’re married. This exercise can also give you an idea of how much each of you can comfortably contribute when it is time to combine your finances.

4. Discuss your future goals

When do you and your future spouse want to start a family? How many children do you want to have? Children are more expensive than most people realize — approximately $245,340 up until age 18, according to the USDA — and could put a strain on your finances if your income cannot support the extra expenses.3

Does your future spouse dream of owning a huge vacation home on the beach, while you would rather have a small cabin in the mountains? This may seem like a shallow difference in opinions — but when both of you move forward in your careers and decide to start saving for a vacation home, it can magnify into a large conflict, unless you are able to make a compromise. Spend time talking with your fiancé about your plans for the future, and set common goals that you can work toward together.

5. Make a decision about money management

Will you and your future spouse maintain separate accounts, as well as contribute to a joint account? Who will pay the bills? Sit down with your future spouse and make a decision about how the two of you will share finances and who will be in charge of financial decision-making and management. It’s important to have these critical conversations before the wedding to ensure you’re both on the same page.

6. Protect your premarital assets

While the topic can be uncomfortable, a prenuptial agreement can be extremely beneficial in helping you making financial decisions in case of divorce — especially if both of you are bringing assets into the marriage.  Prenuptial agreements can also be helpful in maintaining expectations about financial responsibilities after the divorce is final, instead of making those decisions in a contentious court setting. When drafting your agreement, consult with an attorney who can help you plan appropriately, based on your state’s laws.

7. Meet with a financial planner

A financial planner can help you communicate with each other to develop joint financial goals, understand your cash flow and protect yourselves from risk — all important areas to focus on when you are just starting out in your life together.
If both of you already have a relationship with a financial planner, you may want to discuss which person you both trust so you can work together to develop one coordinated financial plan. If you and your future spouse are not in the position to hire a financial planner, there are also pre-marriage financial education classes that can help you address several of the issues mentioned above.

 

Click here to check out Part II of this piece, where we discuss best practices young couples should consider if they do decide to part ways

 

Hewins Financial Advisors, LLC d/b/a Wipfli Hewins Investment Advisors, LLC (“Hewins”) is an investment advisor registered with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) under the Investment Advisers Act of 1940. Hewins is a proud affiliate of Wipfli LLP. Information pertaining to Hewins’ advisory operations, services and fees is set forth in Hewins’ current Form ADV Part 2A brochure, copies of which are available upon request at no cost or at www.adviserinfo.sec.gov. The views expressed by the author are the author’s alone and do not necessarily represent the views of Hewins or its affiliates. The information contained in any third-party resource cited herein is not owned or controlled by Hewins, and Hewins does not guarantee the accuracy or reliability of any information that may be found in such resources. Links to any third-party resource are provided as a courtesy for reference only and are not intended to be, and do not act as, an endorsement by Hewins of the third party or any of its content or use of its content. The standard information provided in this blog is for general purposes only and should not be construed as, or used as a substitute for, financial, investment or other professional advice. If you have questions regarding your financial situation, you should consult your financial planner, investment advisor, attorney or other professional. Hewins does not provide tax, accounting or legal services.
Cassandra Latsios
Cassandra Latsios

CFP®, MSTFP | Financial Advisor

Cassandra Latsios, CFP®, MSTFP, is a Financial Advisor with Wipfli Hewins Investment Advisors in Media, PA. Cassandra specializes in financial, tax and retirement planning for high-net-worth investors, and also advises retirement plan sponsors and participants.

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The Changing Face of Marriage: 7 Tips for Young Couples

time to read: 4 min